Walnut first appeared on the territory of Central Asia. Today, walnuts are growing almost worldwide. The product is used in food for an enormous amount of time.
Walnut fruits are oblong and round in shape. They are covered with a fleshy pericarp, which becomes black during maturation and separates on its own. Below it is a walnut, which is a double-winged drupe, inside which is a four-blade seed. Peeled nuts are covered with a thin peel of pale brown color, and inside the fruit is white.
How to choose and store?
To purchase really high-quality and tasty walnuts, you need to follow some guidelines when choosing them:
- It is not recommended to buy already shelled nuts, since you do not know how much they were stored and where they were before.
- If you need to buy a lot of nuts, then first take a few pieces on the sample and only then buy the rest.
- The best are considered walnuts, which have an elongated shape and a thin shell. Note that too thin skin can cause damage to the product.
- In the selection process, take the nut in your hand: it should not be too light, and when shaking you should hear a thud.
- Look at the peel: it should be whole without damage and cracks.
- Ask the seller to split the nut and look at the color of the shell of the kernel. It should be light brown. Black core spots are signs of deterioration or long-term storage.
- When choosing, taste the walnut and appreciate its flavor: the presence of bitterness or moldy smell is a sign of poor quality.
How to store? If you purchased walnuts in the shell, then you need to store them in an airtight container, which should be put in the refrigerator. In this state, this product will retain its freshness for six months. If they freeze, then the time increases to a year.
Purified kernels also need to be stored in a clean container that will protect from excess moisture in the refrigerator. In this case, the consumer qualities of the walnut will be maintained for six months.
The beneficial properties of walnuts are due to the presence of various substances that are necessary for normal functioning.
Doctors recommend their use to people with high acidity of gastric juice.
Included in walnuts are vitamins of group B, which regenerate muscle tissue, participate in the synthesis of proteins and fats, and also improve the activity of the nervous system, which helps to cope with insomnia and stress. There are ascorbic acid in walnuts, which increases the protective functions of the body, has a positive effect on the brain and takes part in other important processes in the body. Walnut is rich in vitamin E, which is responsible for the beauty of the skin.
As for minerals, there is a large amount of potassium in the product, which favorably affects the work of the cardiovascular system and normalizes pressure. There is a nut and magnesium – an important mineral for the activity of the heart muscle. Due to the presence of calcium and phosphorus in this product improves the condition of the bone tissue, as well as teeth and nails.
Walnuts have a positive effect on the work of the intestines and help to cope with constipation. It is recommended to bring them into your diet for atherosclerosis. People with diabetes, anemia, and hypertension can feel the benefits of nuts.
Given the iron content, walnuts will be useful for people with anemia. With regular consumption, they contribute to the normalization of cholesterol in the blood. From walnut kernels get oil, which helps to cope with skin problems, eczema, psoriasis, varicose veins, and it also protects against the negative effects of carcinogens.
Today you can find drugs in the pharmacy that contain walnut extract. They act as a bactericidal and anti-inflammatory agent, and they also stop bleeding. They also strengthen the immune system, and therefore very beneficial to health!
Walnuts are used for cosmetic purposes. Perhaps this is due to the presence of vitamin F, which improves the skin.
The benefits of walnut and treatment
In folk medicine, the use of walnuts is used in various recipes that help to cope with many ailments:
- Mixed kernels with honey, for example, are an excellent tool to help cope with angina, headache and insomnia. Also, this mixture can be used as an aid in hypertension, anemia and coronary heart disease.
- A mixture of walnuts, raisins, figs and dried apricots is recommended for use to strengthen the whole body and to normalize the work of the heart.
- If you combine nuts with buckwheat flour and kefir, you can normalize blood sugar levels.
- For people with an ulcer, it is recommended to use peanut oil as a supplement to the main treatment.
This is only a small list of recipes using walnut, which help in the treatment of various diseases.
In addition, it is worth noting that, in addition to the walnut it, for healing purposes, their partitions are also used, as well as the shell and leaves of the tree. Many healing recipes of traditional medicine also include young green nuts.
In folk medicine, leaves, green and ripe nuts, pericarp, inner walnut partitions, twigs, bark and, of course, peanut butter and milk are used for treatment. Nut kernels contain magnesium, vitamin B6, zinc, vitamins E, A, C. Walnut is considered a product of health, youth and longevity. Want to live a long time, to preserve youth for a long time – do not forget to eat 3 nuts every day. However, one should not eat more than 100 g of nuts per day, since our body is hard to assimilate high-grade protein. Those who suffer from psoriasis, eczema, neuro dermatitis, urticarial, angioedema, nuts are contraindicated. The same applies to those who suffer from acute gastritis.
Cook the nut milk. This is a very valuable and useful drink for adolescents, for the weakened patients, for those who are engaged in physical or mental labor. Soak the kernels for 10 hours in cold water, then drain the water, crush the nuts and add milk for 4 hours. Then the mixture, stirring often, boil on low heat for 20 minutes, then strain and add vanilla, salt or sugar to taste.
The second way to prepare the drink: fry the kernels of nuts, crush, mix with vanilla, add hot milk, add sugar to taste. Insist in a warm place for 20 minutes. In both cases, you need 0.5 liters of milk, 60 g of walnut kernels, and vanilla on the tip of a knife or 50 g of honey.
In diabetes, mastitis, inflammation of the lymph nodes, the bladder make an infusion of leaves: 1 tbsp. crushed dried leaves need to pour 2 cups of boiling water, insist 2 hours and drink 1 tbsp. 3 times a day for half an hour before meals.
If you have a sore throat, periodontal disease, gingivitis, stomatitis, prepare an infusion: 50 g of nut leaves for 1 liter of boiling water, leave for 2 hours.
When prostatitis, prostate adenoma should be made and take the following tincture: 3 tbsp. crushed nut leaves pour 200 g of good quality vodka (alcohol. moonshine) and insist in a dark warm place for 14 days. Strain and drink 40 drops strictly before meals for 20 minutes, 2 times a day. Drink until the tincture is finished, then take a break for 2 weeks and repeat the course. Treatment to spend at least 5 courses. The same tincture can rub feet with thrombophlebitis, varicose veins and varicose veins.
A very potent remedy for colds and for the treatment of pneumonia can be prepared from 1 cup of walnut kernels, 3 lemons (with the peel, but without seeds). Mince these ingredients, add 300 g of aloe leaf gruel, 0.5 kg of homemade unsalted butter and 0.5 kg of honey. Melt the honey and butter in a water bath, cool, stirring in order not to thicken much, add all the remaining components and mix thoroughly. This delicious mixture of tincture should be taken half an hour before meals 3 times a day and 1 tablespoon.
For the treatment of felon need to prepare the following ointment: 15 g of dried and ground nut leaves pour 100 g of sunflower or corn oil (the other cannot). Insist for 7 days then boil for 1 hour in a water bath, strain hot and boil for 30 minutes in a water bath (no more!). Then add 15 g of wax and mix until cool.
Walnut kernels have a very good choleric effect. For diseases of the biliary tract should eat nuts 4 times a day, 25 g per reception. Daily rate should not exceed 100 g.
In diabetes, you can use not only the infusion of leaves, you can make a decoction of walnut partitions. 40 g of partitions pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and simmer for one hour over very low heat under a closed lid. Take this decoction before a meal on the 1 tbsp. 3 times a day.
The walnut partitions can also be insisted this way: 1 part of the raw material should be poured with 10 parts of vodka, insisted for 10 days, taken 30 drops in 50 g of water 3 times a day. Especially recommended such tincture for the treatment of hypertension, as well as diarrhea.
As a vitamin, tonic, with diarrhea, diabetes, you can drink the following tincture: take 15 green walnuts, chop, pour 0.5 liters of alcohol, insist 2 weeks in the sun, and take 1 tbsp. after meal
To strengthen the heart muscle, keep the nervous system in order and improve the liver, you need to make the following mixture: take equal parts of walnuts, raisins and any chopped hard cheese. Eat 1 tsp. 3 times a day an hour before meals.
In order to regain your strength and improve memory, you need to prepare Nut Balsam. Grind 0.5 kg of walnut kernels, add 300 g of honey and 100 g of aloe (pre-grind and pour 1: 3 water, leave for 1.5 hours and squeeze). Take 1 tbsp. 3 times a day for half an hour before meals.
Use in cooking
Cooking walnuts are an important ingredient in baking and confectionery production. When crushed, they are put in cakes, ice cream, cakes, cookies, etc. Walnuts will help to diversify the taste of jam, sauce and marinade. The product is very popular in Asian cuisines, where it is often added to meat dishes. In addition, chopped walnuts can be put in salads, snacks, etc.
Walnut goes well with apples, beetroot, and eggplant, blue and cream cheese.
Walnut side effects and contraindications
Harm walnuts can bring in the presence of an allergy, which is manifested by urticarial, diathesis, stomatitis and similar symptoms. It is not recommended to use the product with colitis and enterocolitis. Walnuts are also contraindicated in eczema, psoriasis and other skin diseases. If used in large quantities, headache, rash in the mouth and vasospasm can occur. It is also worth mentioning the high calorie content of the product. Its use in large quantities can adversely affect the shape.